Isifundo sibonisa ukuba ukutya kunokuba negalelo ekomeleleni kwengqondo kubantu abadala

Uphononongo olutsha lufumanise ukuba abantu abadala banokuthi baxhamle kwisidlo esithile esibizwa ngokuba kukutya kwe-MIND, naxa bekhulisa iiprotein deposits ezaziwa njengee-amyloid plaque kunye neetangle.


Umfanekiso omele. Ityala lemifanekiso: ANI
  • Ilizwe:
  • eunited States

Uphononongo olutsha lufumanise ukuba abantu abadala banokuthi baxhamle kwisidlo esithile esibizwa ngokuba kukutya kwe-MIND, naxa bekhulisa iiprotein deposits ezaziwa njengee-amyloid plaque kunye neetangle. Iziphumo zophononongo zapapashwa kwiJenali yesifo se-Alzheimer's 'Ukwaluphala kuthatha umzimba emzimbeni nasengqondweni.



Umzekelo, izihlunu zobuchopho bomntu obugugileyo ngamanye amaxesha zikhula ngokungaqhelekanga iiproteni ezingumqondiso wesifo se-Alzheimer's. Abaphandi kwiZiko lezoNyango iRush University bafumanise ukuba abantu abadala banokuthi baxhamle kwisidlo esithile esibizwa ngokuba kukutya kwe-MIND nokuba baphuhlisa ezi mali zibizwa ngokuba zii-amyloid plaque kunye neetangles.

Iiplaque kunye neetangles zizifo ezifumaneka kwingqondo eyakha phakathi kweeseli zemithambo-luvo kwaye iphazamisa ukucinga kunye nokusombulula iingxaki. Iphuhliswe ngu-Martha Clare Morris ongasekhoyo, i-ScD, owayengugqirha wezifo zesifo Rush, kunye noogxa bakhe, ukutya kwe-MIND yi-hybrid yeMeditera kunye neDASH (Iindlela zokutya zokumisa uxinzelelo lwegazi) ukutya.





Izifundo zophando zangaphambili zifumene ukuba ukutya kwe-MIND kunokunciphisa umngcipheko womntu wokuba nesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo se-Alzheimer's. Ngoku isifundo sibonisile ukuba abathathi-nxaxheba abalandela ukutya kwe-MIND ngokuphakathi emva kwexesha ebomini babengenangxaki yokuqonda.

Abanye abantu baneeplathi ezaneleyo kunye neempawu ezibambekayo kwingqondo yabo ukuze bafumane isifo se-Alzheimer emva kwesifo, kodwa abaphuhlisi isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo ebomini babo, utshilo uKlodianDhana , MD, PhD, umbhali okhokelayo wephepha kunye nomprofesa oncedisayo kwiCandelo le-Geriatrics kunye nePalliative Medicine kwiSebe lezeMpilo langaphakathi eRush Medical College. Abanye banesakhono sokugcina umsebenzi wokuqonda ngaphandle kokuqokelelwa kwezi ngxaki kwingqondo, kwaye isifundo sethu sibonisa ukuba ukutya kwe-MIND kunxulunyaniswa nemisebenzi ebhetele yokuqonda ngokuzimeleyo kwezifo zengqondo ezinxulumene nesifo se-Alzheimer, 'wongeze watsho uDhana.



Kolu phando, abaphandi bavavanye imibutho yokutya-ukusukela ekuqaleni kwesifundo kude kube sekufeni-kwengqondo yokugula kunye nokusebenza kwengqondo kubantu abadala abathathe inxaxheba kwiProjusa kunye neProjekthi yokuGuga eQalayo yeRush Alzheimer, eyaqala ngo-1997 kunye kubandakanya abantu abahlala kwiChicago enkulu. Abathathi-nxaxheba ubukhulu becala babemhlophe ngaphandle kwesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo, kwaye bonke bavuma ukuya kuvavanyo lweklinikhi ngonyaka ngelixa besaphila kunye nengqondo ye-autopsy emva kokubhubha kwabo.

Abaphandi balandela abathathi-nxaxheba abangama-569, ababebuzwa ukuba bagqibe kuvavanyo lonyaka kunye novavanyo lokuqonda ukuba babenememori neengxaki zokucinga. Ukuqala kwi-2004, abathathi-nxaxheba banikwa iphepha lemibuzo elinomdla lokutya rhoqo malunga nokuba batya kangaphi ukutya kwe-144 kunyaka ophelileyo.

Sebenzisa iimpendulo zemibuzo, abaphandi banika umntu ngamnye othatha inxaxheba amanqaku okutya e-MIND ngokusekwe kaninzi abathathi-nxaxheba besitya ukutya okuthile. Ukutya kwe-MIND kunamalungu e-15 okutya, kubandakanya i-10 'yamaqela okutya aphilileyo engqondweni' kunye namaqela amahlanu angenampilo- inyama ebomvu, ibhotolo kunye nejargarine, itshizi, iikeyiki kunye neelekese, kunye nokutya okuqhotsiweyo okanye okukhawulezayo.

Ukunamathela kunye nokuxhamla kwisidlo se-MIND, umntu kuya kufuneka atye ubuncinci ukutya oku-3 kweenkozo, imifuno eluhlaza kunye nenye imifuno yonke imihla- kunye neglasi yewayini- ukutya okuneentsuku ezininzi kumantongomane, yiba neembotyi yonke eminye imihla okanye utye iinkukhu kunye namaqunube kabini ngeveki kwaye ulobe kube kanye ngeveki. Umntu kufuneka anciphise ukutya okutyunjiweyo okungekho sempilweni, ukunciphisa ibhotolo ibe ngaphantsi kweetispuni ze-1/2 ngosuku kunye nokutya ukutya okungaphantsi kokusebenza iveki yeelekese kunye namakhekhe, itshizi enamanqatha, kunye nokutya okuqhotsiweyo okanye okukhawulezayo.

Ngokusekwe kuninzi lokutya okuxeliweyo kumaqela okutya asempilweni nasempilweni, abaphandi babale amanqaku okutya e-MIND kumntu ngamnye othatha inxaxheba kulo lonke ixesha lokufunda. Umndilili wenqaku lokutya kwe-MIND ukusukela ekuqaleni kwesifundo kude kube sekufeni komthathi-nxaxheba kusetyenziswe kuhlalutyo ukunciphisa impazamo yomlinganiso.

Amanyathelo esixhenxe obuntununtunu abalwa ukuqinisekisa ukuchaneka kweziphumo: Sifumanise ukuba inqanaba lokutya eliphezulu le-MIND linxulunyaniswa nenkumbulo engcono kunye nezakhono zokucinga ngokuzimeleyo kwesifo se-Alzheimer kunye nezinye izifo ezinxulumene nobudala ezinxulumene nobudala. Ukutya kubonakala ngathi kunamandla okukhusela kwaye kunokuba negalelo ekuzinzeni kwengqondo kubantu abadala, 'iDhana utshilo. 'Utshintsho ekudleni lunokuchaphazela ukusebenza kwengqondo kunye nomngcipheko wesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo, ngcono okanye okubi,' iDhana yaqhubeka.

'Kukho ukutya okulula kunye neendlela zokuphila umntu anokuzenza ezinokunceda ukucothisa ukuncipha kwengqondo kunye nokufaka isandla kwimpilo yengqondo,' uDhana wagqiba. (IMINYAKA)

(Eli bali alihlelwanga ngabasebenzi beNdaba eziPhezulu kwaye liveliswe ngokuzenzekelayo kukutya okuhlangeneyo.)