Ikholamu-Ngaba amajoni aseRussia angakhawulezisa ahambe eFrance eMali?

Iindaba zibangele ukukhalimela eParis https://www.reuters.com/world/france-criticises-deal-bringing-russian-mercenaries-into-mali-2021-09-14, ethe ukufika kweQela leWagner https : //www.reuters.com/world/africa/exclusive-deal-allows-russian-mercenaries-into-mali-is-close-source-2021-09-13 iya kuba 'ayihambelani' nenkxaso yaseFrance yamashumi kurhulumente waseMali. Isikhundla saseFrance sachazwa ngu-Mphathiswa Wezomkhosi wase-Germany u-Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/germany-worried-about-mali-plan-russian-mercenaries-2021-09-15, watsho I-Twitter yokuqesha inkampani iya kubuza yonke into eyenziwayo yi-United Nations kunye ne-European Union eMali.



Umgcini weWagner Iqela labakontrakta abasemkhosini babucala lisebenza emthunzini, ubukho balo, ukusebenza kunye nobunini besihloko sokuhleba, ukungachazwa kwegama kunye nokwala. Kodwa kunokuba malunga nokufezekisa into ethile yamagorha kunye nabavukeli abakwazanga ukutyhubela amashumi eminyaka-ukukhawulezisa ukuphela kweFrance ungenelelo lomkhosi eMali yakha yabonwa njengengapheliyo. Iingxelo zeendaba kule veki zacebisa ukuba urhulumente wethutyana waseMali- owathatha amandla kubhukuqo-mbuso kunyaka ophelileyo - wayesecicini lokusayina ikhontrakthi neRussia inkampani yokulwaIslamist amajoni. Iindaba zikhokelele kwisikhalazo esivela kuParis https://www.reuters.com/world/france-criticises-deal-bringing-russian-mercenaries-into-mali-2021-09-14, eyathi ukufika kweWagner Iqela https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/exclusive-deal-allowing-russian-mercenaries-into-mali-is-close-source-2021-09-13 iya kuba 'ayihambelani' neminyaka emide inkxaso kurhulumente waseMali.



TheFrench Ukuma kwaphindwa nguGerman Ukhuselo Umphathiswa u-Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer Ukuqesha inkampani kuya kuthandabuza yonke into yeZizwe eziManyeneyo naseYurophu I-Union ibisenza eMali inegalelo elibalulekileyo kwiYurophu Imishini yoqeqesho lweManyano, ngelixa i-U.N. amandla aquka neBritane ,IsiTshayina kunye neminye imikhosi yezizwe ngezizwe. Isithethi senkokheli yejunta yaseMali ithe ayinalo ulwazi malunga nesivumelwano esinje Amagosa axelele oonondaba ukuba urhulumente unxibelelana 'naye wonke umntu' ukusombulula imvukelo eqhubekayo ebandakanya izinto zobuSilamsi Urhulumente.

Isondele kangakanani iFrance naseJamani inokuba kukukhupha iMali ihlala ingacacanga kodwa uMongameli EmmanuelMacron Utyikitye ukuba unqwenela ukuzoba isiFrentshi imikhosi kweli lizwe. NgoJuni, eMacron ubhengeze izicwangciso zokunciphisa i-Operation Barkhane eMali eFrance kwaye uyihlanganise neminye imizamo yamazwe aphesheya. Ngelo xesha, eFrance yayinamajoni angaphezu kwama-5 000 asebenza eMali kunye nommandla obanzi, ubukho bawo bubuyela kumaxesha ekoloniyalizim, kodwa iParis ufuna umthwalo ekwabelwana ngawo namanye amaYurophu kunye neAfrika iintlanga.





EParis naseBerlin ngoku zibonisa ukuba ukufika kweWagner Iqela liya kuba linyathelo kude kakhulu. Isenokusebenza njengesizathu sokutsala inkxaso kwingingqi apho banomdla wokunciphisa ukuzibophelela kwabo nakwindleko yokuphulukana nempembelelo eMoscow. neBeijing. Ukungazinzi nogonyamelo

Imfihlakalo yesiqithi se-oki eneminyaka engama-220 isonjululwe

Ngelixa ukufikelela kwe China kwiAfrika iphela ikubonile kulima utyalo-mali kumazwe kwilizwekazi liphela, iRussia yeyangoku kwaye ijolise. Umgcini weWagner Iqela lithathe ithuba lokungazinzi kunye nobundlobongela kunye neCentralAfrican IRiphabhlikhi yeyona mizekelo mibini ibhalwe ngokubanzi, kodwa kukho iingxelo zaseRussia Iikontraki zomkhosi zisebenza kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo eMozambique ,Madagaska kunye neSudan. IsakhonoWagner Isivumelwano seqela eMali uxelwe okokuqala yiReuters ngo-Septemba. 13. Imithombo emininzi yoonozakuzaku nokhuseleko bathi isivumelwano singasondela, kunye nemithombo emine exelele iReutersWagner Iqela linokuhlawulwa malunga ne-6 yezigidigidi ze-CFA francs ($ 10.8 yezigidi) ngenyanga ngeenkonzo zayo. I-Reuters ayikwazanga ukufikelela kwiWagner Iqela ukunika izimvo.



Ukuma phi ifemu ekhoyo njengeziko labucala elahlukileyo kuhlala kungacaci. Imagazini yoMgaqo-nkqubo Wezangaphandle ithe kulo nyaka akukho nanye into efana neWagner Iqela likhona ngokusemthethweni, kunye nebinzana endaweni yalo lisetyenziswe njengelifutshane kwinethiwekhi yeefemu zesivumelwano esetyenziswa yiKremlin yokulwa eUkraine ngo-2014 kunye nokwandisa ukuya eSyria kunyaka olandelayo abasemagunyeni bayayiphika iWagner Iikontraki zeqela zenza iiodolo zazo. Ubunini beqela buhlala bu-opaque. Amaqonga amajelo eendaba amaninzi kubandakanya iReuters adibanise usomashishini uYevgeny Prigozhin, usomashishini oye wabekwa ityala eMelika kwizityholo zokuphazamisa i-2016U. unyulo kwaye wabethwa ngezohlwayo ze-EU emva kokutyholwa ngokwaphula i-UN. Ukuthintela izixhobo eLibya. U-Prigozhin uyala naluphi na uqhagamshelo kwiWagner Iqela kunye neofisi yakhe yeendaba bathi akananxaxheba kwiAfrika , kwaye akukho nzuzo yeshishini apho.

Ukusukela kumzabalazo ngo-Agasti ophelileyo wagwetywa yi-United States kunye neFrance , Mali ubonakale esondela kufutshane neRussia nangaphezulu ukusuka eParis kunye neWashington. Emva kobuqhetseba, amanye amazwe kunye neMaliya Imithombo yeendaba yalatha ukuba kunokwenzeka isiRashiya ukubandakanyeka, ukuxela ukuba iinkokeli zomkhosi ezintsha zaseMali, uMalick Diaw kunye noSadioCamara , echithe unyaka kwikholeji yasemkhosini eMoscow , Ngoku ungumphathiswa wezomkhosi, wayebuyile eRashiya kule nyanga kutyelelo lwaseburhulumenteni, Reuters ingxelo, becaphula isiMaliya igosa lezokhuseleko.

Isahluko esinye somntu

Nokuba yiRussia unokuthatha indawo yeFrance njengomdlali ophambili eMali akucaci. iFrance Unomdla wokwakha inkcaso yamazwe aphesheya ekusetyenzisweni kweWagner Iqela, kodwa kweminye imida zombini iParis kunye neBerlin Kudala ndinomdla wokulinganisa ukungqubana neRussia nentsebenziswano kwezoqoqosho nakwezinye. Oko kubonakala kwiNord Stream 2 Umbhobho oya kuthwala igesi yendalo esuka eRashiya Yurophu ngendlela yoLwandle lweBaltic , idlula iUkraine. Nangona ichasene ne-United States Ulwakhiwo lombhobho luxhaswe nguMacron , IngqonyelaAngela Merkel kwaye bobabini abangamalandela aseJamani ubunkokheli. Nokuba ziphi na iziphumo zeziganeko eMali ,Rhashiya Ubuye wabonisa ukuba inokusebenza njani ekusebenziseni amaqhinga angaqhelekanga kunye nemikhosi yokubamba isihlalo etafileni xa ikhetha. *** UPeter Apps ngumbhali kwimicimbi yezizwe ngezizwe, ubumbano lwehlabathi, ungquzulwano neminye imiba. Ungumseki kunye nomphathi olawulayo weProjekthi yoFundo lweNkulungwane yama-21; I-PS21, ayisiyesizwe, ayibandakanyeki, itanki lokucinga elingesosigqibo. Ukukhubazeka ngenxa yengozi yemoto yengozi ngo-2006, naye ubhloga malunga nokukhubazeka kwakhe kunye nezinye izihloko. Wayekade eyintatheli yeReuters kwaye uyaqhubeka nokuhlawulwa nguThomson Reuters. Ukusukela ngo-2016, ebelilungu leBritane Indawo yokugcina umkhosi kunye neqela labasebenzi base-UK. (Ukuhlelwa nguTimothy Heritage)

(Eli bali alihlelwanga ngabasebenzi beNdaba eziPhezulu kwaye liveliswe ngokuzenzekelayo kukutya okuhlangeneyo.)